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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 10. 魏中偉,定期海運業核心能力績效關係之研究,國立成功大學交通管理研究所碩士論文,民國92年。
  2. 1. Aaker, D. A. “Managing Assets and Skills: The Key to a Sustainable Competitive Advantage.” California Management Review (Winter 1989): 91-106.
  3. 3. Afonso, Fleury, Maria Tereza Fleury. “Competitive Strategies and Core Competencies: Perspectives for the Internationalisation of Industry in Brazil.” Integrated Manufacturing Systems 14, no.1 (2003): 16-26.
  4. 4. Amit, R. and Paul J. H. Schoemaker. “Strategic Assets and Organizational Rent.” Strategic Management Journal 14, no. 1 (Jan.1993): 33-46.
  5. 5. Barney, J. B. “Firm Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage.” Journal of Management 17, no.1 (1991):99-120.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李允立(2007)。製造業核心能力之研究以M公司為例。中原大學資訊管理研究所學位論文。2007。1-125。 
  2. 胡淑貞(2007)。企業核心能力辨識方法建構之研究。中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班學位論文。2007。1-114。
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