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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 31 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Bartlett, C. A. and S. Ghoshal. Managing Across Borders: The Transnational Solution. Boston, Mass.: Harvard Business School Press, 1998.
  2. Birkinshaw, J. M. and A. J. Morrison, “Configurations of Strategy and Structure in Subsidiaries of Multinational Corporations.” Journal of International Business Studies 26, no.4 (1995): 729-53.
  3. Chung, W. and J. Alcácer. “Knowledge Seeking and Location Choice of Foreign Direct Investment in the United States.” Management Science 48, no.12 (2002): 1534-54.
  4. Deng, P. “Foreign Investment by Multinationals from Emerging Countries: the Case of China.” Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies 10, no.2 (2003): 113-124.
  5. Enright, M. J. “Regional Clusters and Multinational Enterprises.” International Studies of Management & Organization 30, no.2 (2000): 114-38.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉政祥(2016)。子公司角色與子公司知識需求對多國企業子公司高階主管任用決策之影響。中原大學企業管理學系學位論文。2016。1-44。 
  2. 趙宇涵(2006)。對外投資回銷決定因素之研究—以主要投資大陸地區之台灣製造業廠商為例。政治大學行政管理碩士學程學位論文。2006。1-83。
  3. 李佩璇(2007)。台灣中小型廠商在中國設廠對全球化策略的必要性?以A公司為例。淡江大學管理科學研究所企業經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-105。
  4. 胡嘉瑋(2007)。企業集團?岸投資空間區位選擇之研究。政治大學地政研究所學位論文。2007。1-127。
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