Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Aaron, A. and A. Buchko. “Employee Ownership, Attitudes, and Turnover: An Empirical Assessment.” Human Relations 45, no.7 (1992): 711-733.
  2. Buchko, A. A. “Research of Employee Ownership on Employee Attitudes: An Integrated Casual Model and Path Analysis.” Journal of Management Studies 30, (1993): 633-656.
  3. French, J. L. and J. Rosnntein. “Employee Ownership, Work Attitudes, and Power Relationships.” Academy of Management Journal 27, no.4 (1984): 861-869.
  4. Hall, D. T. and B. Schneider. “Correlates of Organizational Identification as a Function of Career Pattern and Organizational Type.” Administrative Science Quarterly 17, (1972): 340-350.
  5. Hom, P. and R. Griffeth. “Structural Equations Modeling Test of a Turnover Theory: Cross-sectional and Longitudinal Analysis.” Journal of Applied Psychology 76, (1992): 350-366.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉淑真(2009)。組織文化、組織變革認知及人格特質對員工組織承諾影響之研究-以中華郵政總公司為例。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-169。 
  2. 林德穎(2008)。組織變革認知與組織承諾之研究–以臺灣郵政股份有限公司臺東郵局為例。臺東大學進修部公共事務碩(假日)學位論文。2008。1-171。 
  3. 張敏玲(2010)。商標權及專利權認知、態度與承諾之關係-以越南企業為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-79。
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