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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 55 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李逢春,生物科技發展下台灣製藥產業之經營現況與策略,元智大學管理研究所碩士論文,2003。
  2. 蔡坤達,影響我國生物科技產業國際競爭力相關因素之研究,國立成功大學企業管理研究所碩士班論文,2002。
  3. 廖威閎,台灣中草藥產業經營策略,台灣大學國際企業學研究所,2005。
  4. Boltho A. “The Assessment: International Competitiveness.” Oxford Review of Economic Policy 12, no.3 (1996): 1-16.
  5. Bridwell, L. and J. K. Chun. “An Analysis of the Computer Industry in China and Taiwan Using Michael Porter’s Determinants of National Competitive Advantage.” Competitiveness Review 15, no.2 (1993): 116-120.
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張維正(2010)。台灣地區中藥製劑出口定價之研究。淡江大學國際貿易學系國際企業學碩士班學位論文。2010。1-78。 
  2. 連慧敏(2009)。AHP運用於消費者採購馬桶關鍵因素之探討—以南部特力屋消費者為例。崑山科技大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-100。 
  3. 林妤芳(2008)。應用RFID於供應鏈管理之可行性探討-以台灣中藥製藥業為例。崑山科技大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-54。
  4. 曾永成(2009)。不斷電系統產業關鍵成功因素之研究。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2009。1-0。
  5. 莊清俊(2009)。財富管理部門引進新商品考量因素之研究-層級程序分析法。朝陽科技大學保險金融管理系學位論文。2009。1-62。
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