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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing a document with a DOI, the DOI permanent URL should always be presented (if using APA or Chicago format, present number). If using a citation format that does not specify DOI, the DOI permanent URL should still be presented as a priority.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 142 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳統雄,雜誌編輯電腦化初期電腦使用者的研究:以<熱訊>雜誌為個案,國立政治大學新聞研究所博士論文,民79。
  2. 馮炫竣,消費者使用電子銀行之行為研究--以ATM、電話銀行及網路銀行為例,元智大學管理研究所碩士論文,民89。
  3. 楊玉明,高齡者電腦態度之研究,國立高雄師範大學成人教育研究所碩文論文,民87。
  4. 蔡旺晉,高齡者產品介面模式之研究,國立雲林科技大學工業設計研究所碩士論文,民93。
  5. Ajzen, I., From intentions to actions: a theory of planned behavior, In Action Control: From Cognition to Behavior, Springer, New York. 1985.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江維軒(2009)。高齡使用者適用之滑鼠介面研究。大同大學工業設計學系所學位論文。2009。1-152。
  2. 徐秀維(2013)。「行」不得也:障礙者外出移動之困境與經驗--以嘉義地區為例。中正大學社會福利學系學位論文。2013。1-164。
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