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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Desmet, P.M.A., The Product Emotion Measurement Instrument (PrEmo), Industrial Design Delft, Delft University of Technology, 2000.
  2. 3. Desmet, P.M.A, Tax, S.J.E.T., and Overbeeke, C.J., Designing products with added emotional value; development and application of a ‘research through design’ approach. Manuscript submitted for publication , Delft University of Technology, 2000.
  3. 4. Desmet, P.M.A., Wheelchair can be Fun: A Case of Emotion-driven Design. Industrial Design Delft, Delft University of Technology, 2001.
  4. 5. Desmet, P.M.A., Designing Emotions: doctoral dissertation. Delft University of Technology. Delft, 2002.
  5. 6. Desmet, P.M.A., a Multilayered Model of Product Emotions. Industrial Design Delft, Delft University of Technology, 2003.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 柯瑩安(2013)。情感三層次對消費者偏好之影響─以餐椅為例。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2013。1-136。 
  2. 張育碩(2008)。音樂感受性與產品造形關係之研究-以燈飾為例。大同大學工業設計學系所學位論文。2008。1-157。
  3. 蘇筱婷(2008)。桌燈造形特徵辨識之研究。大同大學工業設計學系所學位論文。2008。1-132。
  4. 朱柏穎(2011)。產品設計情感向度的傳達與決策分析模式。大同大學設計科學研究所學位論文。2011。1-232。
  5. 曾竹敏(2011)。音樂對於音訊產品造形意象之影響。大同大學工業設計學系所學位論文。2011。1-77。
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