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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Anderson, J. C. and D. W. Gerbing. “Structural Equation Modeling in Practice: A Review and Recommended Tow-step approach.” Psychological Bulletin 103, no.3 (1998): 441-423.
  2. Avolio, B. J., J. M. Howell, and J. J. Sosik. “A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Bottom Line: Humor as a Moderator of leadership style effects.” Academy of Management Journal 42, no.2 (1999): 219-227.
  3. Bear, M. and M. Frese. “Innovation is Not Enough: Climates for Initiative and Psychological Safety, Process Innovations, and Firm Performance.” Journal of Organizational Behavior 24, no.1 (2003): 45-68.
  4. Campbell, J. P. et al. Managerial Behavior, Performance and Effectiveness, New York: McGraw-Hill, 1970.
  5. Csikszentmihalyi, M. Creativity: Flow and the Psychology of Discovery and Invention, New York: Harper/Collins, 1996.
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳俊宇(2012)。主管幽默感、員工溝通滿足與工作績效關係之研究—以半導體機械零件業為實證。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2012。1-108。 
  2. 許書寧(2009)。護理人員犬儒主義與職場偏差行為、離職意圖之探討:以幽默風格為調節變項。亞洲大學心理學系學位論文。2009。1-117。
  3. 陳佳玲(2009)。台灣企業之幽默傾向、溝通滿足、工作績效關係模式之研究─以情緒勞務為干擾變項。長榮大學經營管理研究所(博)學位論文。2009。1-172。
  4. 王建雅(2010)。八向度幽默風格量表之發展暨其與自尊、人格特質、依附風格關係之探討。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系學位論文。2010。1-283。
  5. 蔡思賢(2010)。國中生幽默風格、嘲笑風格與攻擊行為之相關研究。臺灣師範大學教育心理與輔導學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2010。1-121。
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