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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Ahmad, N., D. Berg, and G. R. Simons. “The Integration of Analytical Hierarchy Process and Data Envelopment Analysis in a Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Problem.” International Journal of Information Technology & Decision Making 5, no.2 (2006): 263-276.
  2. Banker, R. D., A. Charnes, and W. W. Cooper. “Some Models for Estimating Technical and Scale Inefficiencies in Data Envelopment Analysis.” Management Science 30 (1984): 1078–1092.
  3. Chan, F. T. S. and N. Kumar. “Global Supplier Development Considering Risk Factors Using Fuzzy Extended AHP-Based Approach.” International Journal of Management Science 35, no.2 (2007): 417-431.
  4. Chan, P.C. “An Application of AHP and DEA in Supplier Evaluation: A Case Study of a Schottky Diode Company.” Unpublished Thesis, Yuan Ze University 2006.
  5. Charnes, A., W.W. Cooper, and E. Rhodes. “Measuring the Efficiency of Decision Making Units.” European Journal of Operational Research 2, no.6 (1978):429-444.
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張騰文(2009)。以國家競爭力分析兩岸薄膜太陽能電池之 競合策略。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-119。 
  2. 張格豪(2009)。應用資料包絡分析法於台灣漁會經營績效之評估。臺東大學進修部環境經濟資管碩專(假日)學位論文。2009。1-49。 
  3. 林志偉(2010)。台灣矽晶太陽能光電產業之績效分析—隨機邊界生產函數法之應用。臺北大學經濟學系學位論文。2010。1-97。
  4. 彭馨瑩(2010)。台灣太陽能電池產業分析與績效探討。臺北大學企業管理學系學位論文。2010。1-67。
  5. 簡明輝(2012)。台灣地區太陽能電池廠商經營績效評估。臺北大學企業管理學系學位論文。2012。1-50。
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