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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 32 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王健全,「全球金融風暴下政府產業政策的嶄新思維」,經濟前瞻期刊,第122期,(2009) :34-37。
  2. 何孟穎、呂紹旭、李彥蒲、林穎毅、胡仕儀、郭子菱、陳逸民、陳婉如,2011~2012年全球光電市場與台灣光電產業總論,初版,台北,財團法人光電科技工業協進會, (2012) : 15-19
  3. 張世其、林哲鵬、盧孟欣,「臺灣TFT-LCD 產業經營效率動態分析之研究」,臺灣企業績效學刊,第1 期,(2007) : 27-52。
  4. 連峻慶,「主機板廠商經營效率分析及改善之研究」,元智大學管理研究所未出版碩士論文,(2001):44-46。
  5. 陳翔修,「台灣光電產業之經營績效分析—資料包絡分析法之應用」,中原大學國際貿易研究所未出版碩士論文,(2006) : 41-59。
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