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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何岫曄(2004)。員工對組織變革之認知對組織承諾與工作壓力影響性之研究 ─ 以臺灣銀行業為例。大同大學事業經營研究所碩士論文。
  2. 張淼江(2003)。兩岸員工工作價值觀、工作滿意與工作績效關係之研究--以定期貨櫃運送業為例。國立成功大學交通管理科學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 許秋嬉(2013)。我國海軍艦艇軍官工作適應、家庭關係與工作投入之研究。國立屏東科技大學技術及職業教育研究所碩士學位論文。
  4. 黃世忠(2002) 。組織結構、領導風格、員工個人特質、工作特性與工作滿足關係之研究-以中山科學研究院電子系統研究所為例。中原大學企業管理學系碩士論文。
  5. 錢淑芬(2005)。軍事專業價值與軍事專業典型之研究。復興崗學報。83 期。頁57-88。
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