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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 42 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.江信億、陳伯儀、葉逸欣(2007):應用多媒體科技融入游泳教學策略探討。真理大學運動知識學報,129-134。
  2. 4.周靈山、周宏室、徐武宏(2000 ) :多媒體電腦輔助體育教學以Mosston 練習式為例。大專體育, 51 ' 36-45。
  3. 6.林甘敏與陳年興(2001):網路大學學習問題探討,全球華人學習科技研討會論文集。
  4. 10.許德發(1999)。專科學生對科學的態度、生物學科自我效能與其營養健康信念 表徵、學業.成就之關係研究。未出版之博士論文,國立臺灣師範大學科學教育研究所,台北。
  5. 19.王國鑫(2007) 。多媒體輔助教學對國小學童體育課學習動機與班級氣氛之影響。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇筱喻(2013)。運用社群網站輔助合作學習之學習成效評估─以理財線上課程為例。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2013。1-117。 
  2. 廖玉釵(2006)。學生使用提問式教學支援系統的學習成效與學習態度。臺灣師範大學資訊教育學系在職進修碩士班學位論文。2006。1-78。
  3. 曾健豪(2015)。使用即時通訊軟體LINE參與度對學生數學科學習態度與學習成效之相關研究。虎尾科技大學資訊管理研究所在職專班學位論文。2015。1-137。
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