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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 丁吉峰、程慶偉(2012),「從貨櫃航商之觀點評估綠色航運績效指標」,航運季刊,第21卷,第3期,25-43頁。
  2. 4. 王克尹(2005),「建立我國港埠物流中心之研究」,航運季刊,第14卷,第1期,43-62頁。
  3. 8. 呂錦山、揚清喬(2007),「物流潛能、競爭優勢與經營績效關係之探討-以國際物流中心業者為例」,運輸計畫季刊,第36卷,第2期,253-278頁。
  4. 12. 張志鴻(2003),「多國併櫃軸心港選擇問題之探討」,國立成功大學交通管理科學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 13. 張竣傑(2013),「買方多國併櫃軸心港選擇問題之探討」,長榮大學航運管理系碩士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔣侃學(2014)。論法律經濟學之方法論預設-以Coase與Posner之爭論為核心。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2014。1-170。
  2. 葉柄伸(2017)。探討海運承攬業導入資訊分享平台之關鍵因素。淡江大學國際企業學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2017。1-94。
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