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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 82 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.王光輝(2007)。台中縣7高中體育班學習適應與升學意願之相關研究。國立臺灣師範大學,未出版碩士論文,台北市。
  2. 6.李建平(2002)。大專網球優秀選手對教練領導行為與訓練滿意度之研究。國立台灣師範大學體育學系碩士,未出版碩士論文,台北市。
  3. 9.何燕娟(2000)。嘉義技術學院體育運動舞蹈課程參與動機之研究。中華體育季刊,52,51 ~ 60。
  4. 15.林秀卿;龔俊豪;吳崇旗(2011)。高雄市國中體育班學生專長訓練、課後運動休閒參與及休閒阻礙之研究。休閒與社會研究( 4 期 )。
  5. 17.洪榮聰、相子元(2004)。跆拳道晉段擊破測驗器材與力量之研究。大專體育學刊,6(1),225-234。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃藏億(2016)。高雄市高中體育班學生知覺教師管教態度與學校生活幸福感之相關研究。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-93。
  2. 韓佳蓉(2017)。跆拳道選手參與動機、團隊凝聚力與訓練滿意度對持續參與意願之研究–以國高中階段選手為例。朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系學位論文。2017。1-126。
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