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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 126 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 孔方正(2008)。研究方法。高雄:宏冠。
  2. 王傑賢(2004)。體育館服務品質之顧客滿意度研究:以「國立臺灣大學綜合體育館重量訓練室」為例。體育學報,36輯,181-194。
  3. 王凱立(2000)。民間機構經營學校運動設施之可行性研究--以台北市市立國民中學學校游泳池設施為例。未出版碩士論文,國立臺灣大學土木工程學研究所,台北市。
  4. 林國棟(1996)。學校體育之運動設施事業。大專體育,28,29-45。
  5. 洪嘉文(2000)。學校體育經營管理策略。台北市:師大書院有限公司。
Times Cited (8) 〈TOP〉
  1. 駱文淵(2004)。平衡計分卡在會計師業應用之研究-以某中型會計師事務所為例。臺灣大學會計學研究所學位論文。2004。1-154。 
  2. 胡維娟(2003)。平衡計分卡運用在印刷電路板業經營績效分析之研究。元智大學工業工程與管理學系學位論文。2003。1-87。
  3. 劉家齊(2003)。企業導入平衡計分卡之成效研究 - 以國內某上市電子公司為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2003。1-119。
  4. 陳啟禎(2007)。平衡計分卡在電子產業之規劃與設計—以D公司大陸廠為例。中央大學管理學院高階主管企管碩士班學位論文。2007。1-86。
  5. 李 志 強(2008)。平衡計分卡應用於頻率元件產業績效衡量之實證研究—以T公司為例。元智大學管理研究所學位論文。2008。1-75。
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