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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 140 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.K.A.Cordes/H.M.Lberahim,2004,休閒遊憩事業概論,美商麥格羅.希爾國際股份有限公司 台灣分公司,頁4,台北。
  2. 10.王慶田,2009,國小教師休閒涉入、休閒效益及幸福感之研究,亞洲大學,碩士論文,未出版。
  3. 17.李碧霞,2001,中年人運動階段、身體活動及其影響因素之研究-以臺北市中山區居民為例,國立臺灣師範大學,博士論文。
  4. 23.范翠蘭,2005,台中縣國中生休閒參與現況與認知之研究,亞洲大學,碩士論文。
  5. 27.林晏洲,1984,“遊憩者選擇遊憩區行為之研究”,都市計畫,第十卷,頁33-49,。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾喚民(2015)。高雄市矯正機關職員休閒滿意度之研究。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2015。1-246。
  2. 謝秀珍(2016)。高雄市高中職教師休閒滿意度之研究。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-234。
  3. 黃佩其(2017)。高雄市公立國小教師休閒滿意度及影響因子之研究。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-181。
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