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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 160 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.中華民國體育學會(2000)。休閒運動活動專書。台北市:中華民國體育學會。
  2. 2.王天威(2005)。台北縣青少年女性休閒運動參與狀況與阻礙因素之研究(未出版碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學體育學系,台北巿。
  3. 3.王柏森(2009)。慢速壘球參與者之參與動機、團隊凝聚力與社會支持之相關研究(未出版碩士論文)。國立台灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所,台北市。
  4. 5.王滿馨(2004)。高工專業科教師與技術教師教育信念與教學行為之研究(未出版碩士論文)。國立臺灣師範大學教育研究所,臺北市。
  5. 7.行政院體育委員會(1999)。中華民國體育白皮書。台北市:行政院體委會。
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 唐志偉(2015)。某軍事專科學校學生領導興趣、人際效能與實習幹部制度參與動機關係之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-140。
  2. 劉祝琳(2015)。中年規律網球參與者之參與動機、阻礙因素以及持續涉入因應策略。中正大學運動與休閒教育研究所學位論文。2015。1-162。
  3. 楊昇翰(2016)。矯正機關戒護人員休閒運動參與動機與阻礙因素之研究。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-142。
  4. 許惠芳(2017)。天氣變化影響休閒運動意願之研究-以羽球為例。樹德科技大學資訊管理系碩士班學位論文。2017。1-81。
  5. 郭國正(2017)。高雄市國中教師路跑活動參與動機與阻礙因素之研究。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-89。
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