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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 165 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方德隆、游美惠(2009)。2008國中小性別平等教育課程與教學實施現況調查。取自
  2. 石啟宏(2007)。國民小學組織氣氛、教師知識分享及 教師專業成長之關聯性研究 --以臺北縣為例。未出版碩士論文,中原大學,桃園縣。
  3. 何福田(1982)。我國台灣地區中小學教師進修制度之研究。台北市:正昇。
  4. 吳明坤(2010)。性健康教育自我效能與性騷擾知覺之相關研究-以高雄地區國小高年級學童為例。未出版碩士論文,樹德科技大學,高雄市。
  5. 吳秋芬(2008)。國民小學教師專業成長需求評估之研究-以基隆市為例。未出版碩士論文,國立台北教育大學,台北市。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉漢宗(2014)。國小教師性態度、性教育專業知能與性教育進修需求之相關研究─以屏東縣為例。樹德科技大學人類性學研究所學位論文。2014。1-232。 
  2. 蕭至亨(2013)。嘉義市國民小學教師知覺學校組織氣氛與終身學習態度之關係。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-142。
  3. 廖珮君(2016)。高雄市補教業教師性知識、性態度與性教育需求 相關研究。樹德科技大學人類性學研究所學位論文。2016。1-153。
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