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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 91 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李永昌(1999)。視障教育教師工作壓力之研究。特殊教育與復健學報,7, 219-244。
  2. 李若瑜(2008)。大學生希望感、建設性思考與情緒創造力對創造風格影響之路徑模式(未出版的碩士論文),國立政治大學教育研究所碩士論文,臺北。
  3. 李新民(2004)。幼兒教師工作壓力、社會支持與身心健康之相關研究。樹德科技大學學報,6(1),47-68。
  4. 林宥誼(2010)。中學教師情緒創造力、希望與創意情緒管理之關係(未出版的碩士論文)。國立臺北教育大學國民教育研究所碩士論文,臺北市。
  5. 洪于婷(2010)。台灣都會地區國中生希望感與情緒智力之關聯性(未出版的碩士論文)。國立成功大學教育研究所碩士論文,臺南市。
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 彭英錡(2014)。國中教師希望感與工作壓力之關係研究—以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-176。 
  2. 黃意喬(2015)。居家保母人員心理資本與工作表現之相關研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-107。 
  3. 李紓霈(2015)。國中教師職場希望感與工作表現之相關研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-81。 
  4. 許真如(2013)。國小學生希望介入方案對心理健康的影響。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-62。 
  5. 蘇靖雯(2016)。希望理論融入國民中學英語補救教學之行動研究。逢甲大學公共政策研究所學位論文。2016。1-232。 
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