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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 188 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王閔玲(2006)。災害衝擊對家戶調整行為之影響-以東勢九二一地震及七二水災為例。長榮大學土地管理與開發研究所碩士論文,未出版,台南縣。
  2. 江澤群、林國瑞 ( 2000 )。體育運動風險管理之探討。北體學報,7,186-207。
  3. 余美瑩(2005)。屏東縣國民小學校園危機管理之研究。國立屏東師範學院教育行
  4. 吳昭儒(2003)。中等學校體育運動風險評估與管理策略之研究-以台北縣市為
  5. 吳蕙君(2008)。醫院高危險群作業人員對作業場所危害風險知覺之研究─以台北市某醫學中心為例。淡江大學公共行政學系在職專班碩士論文,未出版,台北縣。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃文瑄(2014)。桃園縣國民小學級任教師人格特質與輔導自我效能關係之研究。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2014。1-151。 
  2. 紀佳瑋(2014)。打工換宿者行為模式之研究。高雄餐旅大學旅遊管理研究所學位論文。2014。1-172。 
  3. 郭育麟(2012)。生物醫療廢棄物清理人員風險知覺、工作壓力與工作倦怠之相關研究。中正大學勞工關係學研究所學位論文。2012。1-75。
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