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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁學勤(1998)。汽車修理業的必備品質與輔助品質,中華民國品質學會第三十四屆年會暨第四屆全國品質管理研討會論文集,511-514。
  2. 王俸鋼(2011)。舒壓一下!如何改變你的日常生活壓力並減少慢性血管疾病的風險,血管醫學防治季刊,(5),22-23。
  3. 吳怡德、林秋堂、許王曦(2010)。綠色品質機能展開之探討-以雷射印表機為例。興國學報,(11),163-179。
  4. 李家瑩、李淑美、黃偉珉(2015)。以推敲可能模式探討消費者創新與新產品採用之影響:以智慧型手機應用程式為例。中華民國資訊管理學報,22(1),1-30。
  5. 李能慧、吳桂森(2016)。公營事業研發高度價格敏感性創新產品上市決策分析。國立金門大學學報,6(1),85-98。
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