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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 37 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Peggy Ann Osborne〔1994〕About Button:a collector’s guide。
  2. 俞建章、葉舒憲〔1990〕符號:語言與藝術俞建章。台北:九大文化股份有限公司。
  3. 衛萬里〔2011〕無形文化符碼於商品設計程序之應用-以臺灣閩南鬼神諺語為例,設計學報,16(3)-69-93。
  4. 鄭建華〔2003〕。符號學理論研究與應用之初探設計研究,設計研究,PP.132-139。
  5. 李文馨〔 2012〕文化商品設計與模式之創作-以箍桶文化為例。國立台北科技大學創新設計研究所碩士學位論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方麗菁(2007)。衍生性金融商品對台灣銀行業經營效率之影響分析。政治大學財政研究所學位論文。2007。1-85。
  2. 鍾佳玲(2016)。應用植物花卉造形於創意飾品設計與實現之研究。樹德科技大學應用設計研究所學位論文。2016。1-126。
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