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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 227 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] Babakus, E. and Mangold, W. G. (1992). Adapting the SERVQUAL Scale to Hospital Services: An Empirical Investigation, Health Services Research. 26(6), pp. 767-786.
  2. [6] Chan, C. S. (1992). Exploring individual style in design. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 19, pp. 503-523.
  3. [9] Couper, M. R. (1984). The Delphi technique: characteristics and sequence model. Advances in nursing science, 7(1), pp. 72-77.
  4. [10] Crilly, N., Moultrie, J., and Clarkson, P. J., 2004, “Seeing things: consumer response to the visual domain in product design”, Design Studies, Vol.20, pp.1-31.
  5. [11] Cross, N. (1994). Engineering Design Methods: Strategies for Product Design. John Wiley & Sons.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃子紋(2015)。應用生態物種造形及起承轉合意象轉化法於創意彩妝設計與實現之研究。樹德科技大學應用設計研究所學位論文。2015。1-163。 
  2. 鍾佳玲(2016)。應用植物花卉造形於創意飾品設計與實現之研究。樹德科技大學應用設計研究所學位論文。2016。1-126。
  3. 施又慈(2016)。現代彩妝設計與個性表現運用於《紅樓夢》四金釵之面具創作研究。樹德科技大學應用設計研究所學位論文。2016。1-293。
  4. 劉麗蘭(2016)。以自然有機造形及手工蠟染技法應用於時尚服飾設計與創作之研究。樹德科技大學應用設計研究所學位論文。2016。1-116。
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