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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 2. 王百合,2003,高雄縣市已婚女性代課教師不連續就業之歷程探究,國立高雄師範大學性別教育研究所,碩士論文。
  2. 4. 朱淑雅,1998,國民小學評鑑效標之研究,國立台北師範學院國民教育研究所,碩士論文。
  3. 5. 吳政原,2004,國小初任教師第一年教師評鑑指標之建構,國立花蓮師範學院國民教育研究所,碩士論文。
  4. 10. 李慶宗,2001,國民中學教師甄選制度之研究,國立台灣師範大學教育研究所,碩士論文。
  5. 22. 黃心韻,1997,國中公民與道德科教師專業能力之研究,國立台灣師範大學公民訓育研究所,碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭佩函(2017)。探討就業媒合服務品質:以企業人資主管及求職者為實證對象。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2017。1-64。
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