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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 46 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Adrangi, B., A. Chatrath, and K. Raffiee, 2003, Economic Activity, Inflation, and Hedging The Case of Gold and Silver Investments, The Journal of Wealth Management, 6(2) , 60-77.
  2. 2. Beckers, S., and L. Soenen.(1984). Gold: More Attractive to Non-U.S. Than to U.S.Investors Journal of Business Finance and Accounting.11-1.
  3. 3. Chang F. J., Hu H. F. and Chen Y. C. 2001 Counterpropagation Fuzzy-Neural Network for Streamflow Reconstruction. Hydrological Processes.15(2):219-232.
  4. 4. Chang F. J., Liang J. M. and Chen Y. C. 2001.Flood Forecasting Using Radial Basis Function Neural Network. IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics Part C - Applications and Reviews. 31(4):530-535.
  5. 5. Chang F.J. and Chen Y.C.2003. Estuary Water-Stage Forecasting by Using Radial Basis Function Neural Network. Journal of Hydrology. 270(1-2):158-166.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳玟琪(2016)。應用灰色理論於廚具設備銷售量之預測-以個案公司為例。義守大學工業管理學系學位論文。2016。1-54。
  2. 劉光進(2017)。應用灰色理論預測汽車產業銷售-以南部某汽車經銷商為例。義守大學工業管理學系學位論文。2017。1-56。
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