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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方裕民、林銘煌、廖君豪(2006)。「失諧–解困」理論與設計邏輯中的幽默理解歷程。設計學報,11(2),65-82。
  2. 吳亞純(2011)。臺灣傳統建築之柱礎雕刻研究。國立臺北大學碩士論文,新北市。
  3. 林瑞塘(2014)。雲林縣國小教師受情緒勒索類型及職場情緒勒索與工作壓力之相關研究。國立中正大學碩士論文,嘉義縣。
  4. 林錦華(2015)。「刺蝟老師」我拒當、親師關係不緊張。臺灣教育評論月刊,4(1),153-156。
  5. 林銘煌、艾序繁(2004)。產品的審美判斷與符號意函-以Swatch與其近似產品為例。設計學報,9(1), 47-62。
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