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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 96 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.王 薇(2008)。國內生前契約購買因素之探討。清雲科技大學企業管理系暨經營管理研究所碩士論文。
  2. 5.王士鋒(2003)。全球化與知識經濟對殯葬業經營管理之挑戰。兩岸「生命教育與管理」學術研討會,台北縣:致理技術學院。
  3. 6.司徒達賢(1998)。策略管理。台北:遠流。
  4. 8.余序江、許志義、陳澤義(1998)。科技管理導論-科技預測與規劃。台北:五南。
  5. 10.吳淑蘭(2006)。壽險業經營管理之層級分析研究—以C壽險業公司為個案。亞洲大學經營管理研究所碩士論文。
Times Cited (13) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳松苗(2014)。企業倫理與經營績效關聯性之探討-以食品安全為研究標的。淡江大學企業管理學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-107。 
  2. 蔡文榮(2014)。旅遊業執行品質保證之關鍵成功因素。長榮大學高階管理碩士在職專班(EMBA)學位論文。2014。1-106。 
  3. 呂淑媛(2013)。模糊德菲法與層級分析法在國中資優生 研究作品評量指標建構之應用。高雄師範大學特殊教育學系學位論文。2013。1-372。 
  4. 黃世傑(2006)。組織轉型與策略核心組織之建構:台大醫院雲林分院個案研究。臺灣大學高階公共管理組學位論文。2006。1-128。 
  5. 唐迪俊(2004)。運用平衡計分卡於非營業基金經營策略與績效評估之研究―以國軍地區福利品供應站為例。元智大學會計學系學位論文。2004。1-125。
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