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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 163 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王天苗(2002):發展遲緩幼兒在融合教育環境裏的學習。特殊教育研究學刊, 23,1-23。
  2. 王天苗(2003):學前融合教育實施的問題與對策-以臺北市國小附幼為例。特殊教育研究學刊,25, 1-25。
  3. 王亦榮(1997)。臺灣省視覺障礙兒童混合教育計畫巡迴輔導問題及其因應之研究。特殊教育與復健學報,5,97-124。
  4. 王碧霞(2005)。融合教育下學前教師壓力之調查研究。幼兒保育研究集刊,1(1),88-98。
  5. 甘蜀美、林鋐宇(2006)。特殊兒童學前融合方式實施成效與困難之個案研究。身心障礙研究,4(1),32-45。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林怡青(2016)。一位私立幼兒園教師在融合教育中的成長之路。中原大學特殊教育研究所學位論文。2016。1-112。
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