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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 古國華(1994)。國中校隊運動員運動心理技能力表現初探,體育學報,18,369~380。
  2. 朱昌勇(2005)。我國優秀桌球運動員心理技能與成績表現之關連性研究,未出版碩士論文,台北巿立體育學院,台北巿。
  3. 李加耀(2002),“網球運動員追求卓越的過程:運動人類學領域的解析”,國立台灣師範大學體育學系博士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 李建璋(2008)。96年全國運動會運動員心理技能之研究。97年度大專體育學術專刊,410-418。
  5. 佘志倫(2009),“網球訓練週期安排之統整化模式提擬-一個行動研究探討”,國立台灣師範大學體育學系碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 許守銘(2007)。從公司治理觀點論敵意併購及其防禦方式之法律問題研究---以台灣、新加坡及香港相關法令為中心。政治大學法學院碩士在職專班學位論文。2007。1-201。
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