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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 41 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [5] David Furió, Santiago González-Gancedo, M.-Carmen Juan, Ignacio Seguí, Noemí Rando(2013). Evaluation of Learning Outcomes Using an Educational iPhone Game vs. Traditional Game. Computers & Education, 64, pp. 1-23.
  2. [9] 宋曜廷、張國恩、林慧藍、李宜芬、陳明溥,2009,數位學習教材之品質認證標準的建立及其信度分析,電子商務學報,11卷,4期,頁823-846。
  3. [10] Alejandro Echeverría, Matías Améstica, Francisca Gil, Miguel Nussbaum, Enrique Barrios, Sandra Leclerc(2012). Exploring different technological platforms for supporting co-located collaborative games in the classroom. Computers in Human Behavior, 28(4), pp. 1170-1177.
  4. [11] Krista E. DeLeeuw, Richard E. Mayer(2011). Cognitive consequences of making computer-based learning activities more game-like. Computers in Human Behavior, 27(5), pp. 2011-2016.
  5. [12] Glenda A. Gunter, Robert F. Kenny, Erik H. Vick(2008). Taking educational games seriously:Using the RETAIN model to design endogenous fantasy into standalone educational games. Educational Technology Research and Development, 56, pp. 511-537.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃思惠(2010)。我國公司法出資制度之研究-以股份有限公司為中心-。政治大學法律學研究所學位論文。2010。1-239。
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