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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 89 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 48.陳百忠,2004,寂靜與忿怒,六和文化事業股份有限公司,台北。
    2. 1.林純瑜,1998,《諸尊身色印相明錄》譯注,中華佛學研究所中華佛學研究,02期,頁339-377,台北。
    3. 4.釋聖嚴,1999,佛教對於東方文化的影響--海峽兩岸佛教學術研討會議主題演說,中華佛學學報,12期,頁1-9,台北。
    4. 【參考書目】
    5. 1.于乃昌,1999,西藏審美文化,西藏人民出版社,拉薩。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳懿梅(2004)。企業潛在財務危機之研究-以台灣上市上櫃電子公司為例。元智大學會計學系學位論文。2004。1-59。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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