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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院衛生署 自殺防治中心(2007)。96年度成果報告摘要。2008年12月18日,取自
  2. 行政院衛生署 自殺防治中心(2009)。1994年至2008年全國自殺死亡趨勢。2009年11月24日,取自
  3. 吳承珊(2000)。母親與教師的管教方式對幼兒社會行為影響之研究。國立台灣師範大學家正教育研究所碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  4. 李欣蓮(2007)。幼兒的動植物生命概念。國立台灣師範大學人類發展與家庭學系幼兒教育專班碩士論文,未出版,台北市。
  5. 林金燕(2004)。台商在台子女依親對象管教態度、青少年生活壓力與心理健康之相關研究。私立慈濟大學教育研究所碩論文,未出版,花蓮縣。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 游麗穎(2010)。血液透析與腹膜透析之成本分析與管理:作業基礎方法之應用。臺灣大學醫療機構管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-96。 
  2. 黃乙芳(2015)。幼兒園教師對生命教育態度與需求之相關研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-81。
  3. 袁嘉文(2015)。愛的練習曲:從生命教育與實踐建構孩子的生命態度。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-169。
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