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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王天苗(2003 ) 。學前融合教育實施的問題和對策-以台北市國小附幼為例。特殊教育研究學刊,25,1 - 25 。
  2. 林月仙(2006 ) 。以童書為媒介提升身心障礙兒童入學準備能力之成效分析。特殊教育研究學刊,31,1 - 22 。
  3. 林秀錦,王天苗(2004 ) 。幼兒入學準備能力之研究。特殊教育研究學刊,26,89 - 108 。
  4. 洪婷鈴(2004 ) 。高雄市身心障礙兒童幼小轉銜服務實施現況與家長需求之個案研究。靜宜大學青少年兒童福利碩士班碩士論文,未出版,台灣台中。
  5. 孫扶志( 2004年)。幼小銜接課程與教學的問題與因應策略效果之研究。國立台灣師範大學教育心理與輔導研究所博士論文,未出版,台灣台北。
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