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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 132 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 史麗珠(2008)。青少年性知識量表的設計及信效度檢定。秀傳醫學雜誌,7,85-93。
  2. 周俊良、李新民、陳宗田(2006)。我國啟智學校教師性態度與相關影響因素分析。特殊教育學報,23,1-26。
  3. 林惠芬(2004)。高職輕度智能障礙學生學校生活適應之研究。特殊教育學報,19,57-85。
  4. 林妙香(2011)。互動式多媒體教學介入對特殊教育學校智能障礙學生性教育學習學習成效之研究。未出版碩士論文,國立台灣師範大學,臺北市。
  5. 林惠生(2002)。臺灣地區高中、高職及五專在校學生之性知識、性態度及危害健康行為與網路之使用。臺灣性教育協會第五屆第二次年度大會暨學術研討會,臺北市。
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