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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 一、中文部份
  2. 94年民眾使用網際網路使用狀況調查(2005年6月版)【資料檔】。台北市:交通部統計處。
  3. 天下雜誌(1998年12月)。網路大調查-社會中堅,擁抱網路。天下雜誌,212-218。
  4. 王沂釗(2001)。輔導教師如何介入學生之網路沉迷行為。學生輔導,74,58-67。
  5. 王珮玲(1992)。兒童氣質、父母教養方式與兒童社會能力關係之研究。國立政治大學教育研究所博士論文,未出版,台北市。
Times Cited (15) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林欣玫(2009)。國小高年級學童網路使用行為與人際關係、學業成就之調查研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2009。1-119。 
  2. 陳天心(2012)。探討台灣大專院校生人格特質、人際關係、網路成癮與網路使用態度的關係。交通大學教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-82。 
  3. 謝寶蓮(2007)。臺北縣國中生網路成癮與電腦學習成就之相關研究。臺北科技大學技術及職業教育研究所學位論文。2007。1-86。 
  4. 謝文堯(2017)。國小高年級學生不同背景變項在人格特質與網路使用行為之差異及其相關研究—以桃園市為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2017。1-186。 
  5. 楊美鋆(2011)。國中生知覺父母管教方式、網路成癮及自我概念關係之研究:以桃園縣為例。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-249。 
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