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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 156 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 參考文獻
  2. 一、中文部分
  3. 1.內政統計資訊服務網(2007)。上網日期:2007 ?4 月18 日,檢自
  4. 2.王志?(1999)。台北縣雙和地區國中生民主態度之研究。國立台灣師範大學公民訓育?究所碩士論文,未出版,台北縣。
  5. 3.王雅菁(2002)。高中公民科服務學習效果之研究。國?台灣師範大學公民教育與活動?導學系在職進修班碩士?文,未出版,台?市。
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李虹旻(2013)。淡江大學學生寒暑假服務隊行前訓練課程規劃與服務學習滿意度之相關性研究。淡江大學教育科技學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-163。 
  2. 林硯晶(2010)。圖書資訊學系進行專業服務學習之案例研究:以淡江大學資圖系為例。淡江大學資訊與圖書館學系碩士班學位論文。2010。1-130。 
  3. 張舒安(2012)。藝術服務學習方案發展之研究─以花東青少年藝術創作營為例。臺北藝術大學藝術與人文教育研究所學位論文。2012。1-164。 
  4. 陳怡憓(2015)。國中生十二年國民基本教育服務學習成效實施之探討─以臺南市國中為例。長榮大學社會工作學系(所)學位論文。2015。1-114。 
  5. 蔡欣葦(2016)。物業人才培育之阻礙因子研究-以土木專業課程結合服務學習為例。逢甲大學土木工程學系學位論文。2016。1-119。 
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