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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王炯珵(2006)?排尿之神經控制?於郭漢崇、林登龍主編,神經性因排尿障礙(頁23-44)?台北:台灣尿失禁防治協會。
  2. 王起杰、沈素月、黃俊雄、江金培(1986)?正常大學生的尿流速測定?高雄醫學雜誌,2,43-48。
  3. 李豫芸、戴玉慈、陳淳、薛亞聖(2000)?活動式超音波測量膀胱尿量之成本效益?臺灣醫學,4(3),251-260。
  4. 洪于琇(2001)?骨盆底肌張力過高之復健治療?中華泌尿醫誌,12(2),69-74。
  5. 郭漢崇(1989)?尿路動態機能檢查在臨床上的應用(一)尿流速及尿流圖?慈濟醫學,1(2),52-58。
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