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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 124 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 伍嘉綺(2007)。台北市私立高職教師因應少子化之意見調查研究。國立台灣
  2. 吳明清(2005)。打造優質學校精耕適性教學。台灣教育,631,42-45。
  3. 何金針、唐璽惠(2006)。少子化趨勢對幼稚園經營之衝擊及因應策略。學校行政雙月刊,39,242-252。
  4. 施宏彥(2005)。強化幼兒教育政策減緩少子化衝擊之研究。嘉南學報,31,476-492。
  5. 許士軍(1990)。管理學。台北市:東華。
Times Cited (31) 〈TOP〉
  1. 翁克偉(2013)。我國導入國際財務報導準則對壽險業影響之研究。淡江大學保險學系保險經營碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-127。 
  2. 張雄騰(2011)。耕耘~另一畝心田 一位卓越校長的學校經營。中原大學教育研究所學位論文。2011。1-210。 
  3. 劉文欽(2011)。少子化趨勢下公立國民小學學校行銷與教師工作壓力之研究-以臺東縣為例。臺東大學進修部暑期學校行政碩士班學位論文。2011。1-105。 
  4. 林甄盈(2013)。國小教師對少子化所面臨的問題與因應之知覺。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-111。 
  5. 楊靖芳(2011)。高雄市幼教老師對少子化壓力認知及其工作滿足、工作投入與離職傾向關係之研究。樹德科技大學兒童與家庭服務系碩士班學位論文。2011。1-112。 
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