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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 88 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王增勇、周月清、林麗蟬、張宏哲、郭登聰、陳武宗(2005)。我國長期照顧服務輸送規劃研究:內政部委託規劃報告。
  2. 毛慧芬、紀彣宙、吳淑瓊(2007)。台灣長期照護之職能治療人力需要推估。職能治療學會雜誌,25(2),32-52。
  3. 內政部(2006)。身心障礙者生活需求調查性別分析。台北:作者。
  4. 台中市政府(2008)。台中市長期照顧資源手冊。台中:作者。
  5. 台灣長期照護專業協會(2004)。臺閩地區失能老人機構照護供需資源分佈狀況調查研究。未出版手稿。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃冠華(2010)。專利權重大性與委任產業專長、科目專家會計師。政治大學會計研究所學位論文。2010。1-90。
  2. 張嘉容(2013)。居家服務單位人力資源管理之探討-以居家照顧服務員為例。中正大學社會福利學系學位論文。2013。1-141。
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