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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 61 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國長期照護協會(2007)。長期照護統計資料‧中華民國長期照護協會。2007年12月9日,取自 /about/aboutus-302. php-59k2007/12/09
  2. 行政院內政部統計處(2006)。民國94年老人狀況調查結果摘要分析。台北市:作者。
  3. 吳淑瓊(2005)。人口老化與長期照護政策。國家政策季刊,4(4),5-24。
  4. 李怡娟、吳麗瑜、張麗春、陳俞琪(2005)。充能式教育在長期照護機構的應用-以安養護機構中的外籍照顧服務員為對象。護理雜誌,52(6),23-29。
  5. 李采娟、賴玫君、楊文惠、張麗雅、邱怡玟、李佳霙、呂美華、林政介(2001)。護理之家成本分析研究。中臺灣醫學科學雜誌,6(4),223-232。
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