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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院勞工委員會勞工安全衛生研究所〈1997〉。電腦顯示終端機作業人員疲勞及生理狀況研究。行政院勞工委員會研究計畫。〈編號:IOSH85-M344〉。
  2. 李素箱、楊欽城、徐志輝、賴金模、邱睿昶〈2007〉。不同屬性大學學生電腦及網路使用時間對身體質量指數和自覺健康狀況的影響。朝陽學報,12,201-215 。
  3. 李曉君〈2006〉。青少年網路使用與網路成癮現象之相關研究。網路社會學通訊期刊,54。
  4. 李曉君〈2006〉。網路使用行為、網路成癮與親子互動關係之研究-以台南市國中生為例。碩士論文,台南女子技術學院生活應用科學研究所,台南市。
  5. 林旻沛〈2004〉。大專校院學生網路成癮盛行率及認知因子之研究。碩士論文,國立成功大學行為醫學研究所,台南市。
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