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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 毛義方、蔡忠融、徐雅媛、徐儆暉、毛鏡琪、盧士一、陳美蓮(2011)。我國醫院員工超時工作與輪班研究。勞工安全衛生研究季刊,19(2),223-232。
  2. 王昭儀(2006)。醫學中心護理人員之勞動條件對其工作壓力、工作負荷及疲勞影響之研究(未出版之碩士論文)。國立台灣大學,台北市。
  3. 王復維(2006)。工作特質、疲勞及憂鬱傾向對新陳代謝症候群關係之研究-以某醫學中心自費健檢(職業健檢)個案為例(未出版之碩士論文)。高雄醫學大學,高雄市。
  4. 王普善(2010)。基層醫療病患健康促進生活型態、生活技能、靈性健康與自覺疲勞之相關研究-以台北市某診所為例(未出版之碩士論文)。國立台北教育大學,台北市。
  5. 行政院勞工委員會(2010)。勞動檢查-檢查年報。取自
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊淑齡(2014)。女性護理人員悲憫疲憊、悲憫滿足與疲潰之現況探討。長榮大學護理學系(所)學位論文。2014。1-75。 
  2. 陳政志(2016)。醫院評鑑對醫院產生預期與非預期效果之初探。臺灣大學公共衛生碩士學位學程學位論文。2016。1-116。 
  3. 鍾淑媛(Shwu-Yuan Jong);鄭麗娟(Li-Chuan Cheng);黃秀霖(Hsiu-Lin Huang);陳美麗(Mei-Li Chen);高美玲(Meei-Ling Gau);張月娟(Yueh-Jiuan Chang)(2013)。臨床護理人員職業壓力與體適能之相關因素探討。榮總護理。30(4)。386-397。 
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