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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁志音、江東亮(1996)。以健康行為型態分類台灣地區之成年人口群-群聚分析之應用。中華公共衛生雜誌,15(3),175-187。
  2. 王秀紅、邱啟潤、王瑞霞、李建廷(1992) 。婦女健康促進行為及其相關因素的探討。公共衛生,19(3),251-265。
  3. 王俞蓉(2008)。探討生活型態對早期慢性腎臟病患之影響-病例對照研究。未出版碩士論文。國立成功大學護理研究所,台南。
  4. 王梅美、林美良(2003)。讓她洗得更舒適-照護一位腹膜透析患者之護理經驗。新臺北護理期刊,5(2),103-114。
  5. 王雪鳳、陳宇嘉、劉波兒、劉麗芳(2009)。第2型糖尿病自我效能相關性之探討。弘光學報,56,1-14。
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