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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 99 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁文琴、謝伸裕(1995)。水中稱重、生物電阻和皮脂厚測量法對體脂肪百分比之評估比較。體育學報,19,157-168。
  2. 王元玲(2003)。兒童肥胖與自尊關係及影響減重成效相關因素之探討(未出版之碩士論文)。私立中原大學,桃園縣。
  3. 行政院衛生署(1998)。國民營養現況-1993-1996 國民營養健康狀況變遷調查結果。
  4. 行政院衛生署國民健康局 (2006)。成人代謝症候群之判定標準 (2006台灣)。台北市:衛生署。
  5. 何雪華、蔡宗益(2010)。醫院員工代謝症候群發生率及其危險因素之世代追蹤研究。護理暨健康照護研究,6(2),151-159。
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