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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.行政院研究發展考核委員會。九十七年數位落差調查報告,2008。
  2. 2.李孟芬、胡名霞、李瑞元、李孟晃。以社區中老年人觀點看全人照顧科技發展。長期照護雜誌,12(1),17-31,2008。
  3. 3.周春珍、張蓓莉、李冠慧、李亭亭。科技始於人性-淺談遠距醫療於老人健康照護之應用。護理雜誌,56(6),2009。
  4. 5.林佳慧。高齡者電腦經驗與其生活滿意度及電腦態度關係之研究。國立暨南國際大學成人與繼續教育研究所,2007年。
  5. 6.林迪意、莊明諺。年齡、工作記憶與電腦態度在電子郵件技能學習之預測效應。應用心理研究,22,105-120,2004。
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