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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何明宗(2006)。臺灣地區醫師人力供需運用灰色預測模式之研究-以全臺醫師、婦產科醫師、耳鼻喉科醫師為例(碩士論文,朝陽科技大學,2006)。臺灣博碩士論文知識加值系統。
  2. 洪裕誠(2009)。應用灰色理論預測國際筆記型電腦市場發展趨勢。(碩士論文,朝陽科技大學。2007)。臺灣博碩士論文知識加值系統。
  3. 洪錦墩(2007)。台灣地區中醫師人力現況分析及未來需求之推估。中醫藥年報 Vol.4 No.27。
  4. 洪錦墩,藍忠孚,宋文娟(2001)。台灣醫師人力研究之方法學探討。臺灣公共衛生雜誌Vol.20 No.3,183-191。
  5. 洪錦墩,藍忠孚,宋文娟(2003)。台灣地區內科醫師人力之數量與地理分佈。醫務管理期刊Vol.4 No.1,39-54。
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