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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 43 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王瑱瑄(2009)。運動對缺血性腦腦中風之保護機制。大專體育,101,224-229。
  2. 江玲玲、吳清平、王儷穎、吳英黛 (2004) 。呼吸器依賴患者的生活功能及生活品質。物理治療,29(1),40-47。
  3. 李姿瑩、曾瓊禎 (2010)。園藝治療促健康。志為護理,5,22。
  4. 李葆瑋 (2006)。護理人員工作壓力與自覺身心健康狀況之相關性研究。 慈濟大學護理研究所學位論文。
  5. 周淑華、陳筱瑀、賴嘉祥 (2008)。 脊髓損傷者之憂鬱程度及其相關因素之探討。實證護理。4(4),318-326。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王麗華(2013)。園藝活動對精神分裂者專注力、情緒穩定、人際互動及自信心之成效對幼兒教育的啟示。朝陽科技大學幼兒保育系學位論文。2013。1-355。
  2. 邱郁欣(2017)。父母健康與18個月人工生殖技術出生嬰兒發展之相關性-臺灣出生世代研究。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2017。1-67。
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