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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 宋文娟、洪錦墩、陳文意(2008)。台灣老年人口醫療利用與多重慢性病之分析研究。台灣老人保健學刊,Vol.4,No2。
  2. 林谷峯(2004)。以全民健保1996-2001年承保抽樣歸人檔分析氣喘病人之醫療利用。碩士論文,台北:國立台灣大學 醫療機構管理研究所。
  3. 林宣辰(2010)。1997-2008年台灣地區因細菌性肺炎住院之流行病學特徵及其影響。未發表碩士論文,台南:成功大學醫學院 公共衛生研究所。
  4. 邱玉娜(2005)。台灣慢性阻塞性肺病醫療利用與診療型態分析初探。碩士論文, 台中:臺中健康暨管理學院 健康管理研究所。
  5. 紀玫如(2008)。中老年人多重慢性病集群型與醫療服務使用之相關性研究。博士論文,台北:國立台灣大學 衛生政策與管理研究所。
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 高鈺淳(2013)。影響象徵性採用雲端運算服務之研究-以信任為調節變數。淡江大學會計學系碩士班學位論文。2013。1-97。 
  2. 游禎良(2014)。平板電腦競爭優勢個案分析-以A公司為例。中央大學經濟學系學位論文。2014。1-95。
  3. 林靜怡(2014)。平板電腦的興起對筆記型電腦的衝擊-以樞紐零件廠商新日興為例。中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-69。
  4. 張稜悅(2016)。台灣行動資安技術發展與產業趨勢。中興大學資訊管理學系所學位論文。2016。1-59。
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