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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 116 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文哲、蕭振仁、黃澤人、蔡森田(2000)。咽旁間隙之迷走神經鞘瘤—病例報告。中華民國耳鼻喉科醫學雜誌,35(6),414-418。
  2. 吳仁佑、葉玲伶、閻愷正、黃達夫(2002)。甲狀腺切除論病例計酬之甲狀腺癌與良性甲狀腺疾患醫療資源耗用分析。臺灣公共衛生雜誌,21(6),387-396。
  3. 呂宜興、張克昌、黃志銘(2003)。側咽腫瘤—57例的分析。臺灣耳鼻喉頭頸外科雜誌,38(2),61-65。
  4. 宋霖霏、林昌誠、王泰隆(2005)。全民健保鼻中膈鼻道成形術論病例計酬制對醫療資源使用之影響。北市醫學雜誌,2(5),465-474。
  5. 李彥德、劉博仁、陳禮平(2007)。喉部神經鞘瘤。澄清醫護管理雜誌,3(3),15-18。
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