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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 古雪鈴、王拔群、陳雅惠、劉惠琴(2005)。手術室醫護人員對使用「病人安全辨識查檢表」半年與一年後之滿意度調查。輔仁醫學期刊,3(4),203-211。
  2. 古雪鈴、王拔群、陳雅惠、陳怡如、朱文慧、蕭富仁(2006)。手術室醫護人員對使用「病人安全辨識查檢表」之態度調查。醫療品質,3(2),1-9。
  3. 林仁祥(2008)。台灣地區醫療診斷用放射檢查情形暨群體劑量推估。慈濟大學公共衛生研究所碩士論文,花蓮市。
  4. 林明賢(2004) 。注射顯影劑攝影標準作業流程。北市醫學雜誌,1(4), 216。
  5. 林治俊、朱宗信(1998)。放射顯影劑腎毒性。台灣醫學期刊,2(4),475-480。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃惠娟(2007)。會計師對舞弊風險之管理—以博達案為例。臺灣大學會計學研究所學位論文。2007。1-78。
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