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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 34 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖敏娟(2003)。婦女接受乳房攝影之相關因素調查:高雄醫學大學健康科學院公共衛生學研究所醫務管理碩士在職專班碩士論文。
  2. 黃怡璇、王慧娟等(2008)傳統暨數位乳房攝影系統之物理測試彙整建議。中華民國醫學物理學會乳房攝影工作群報告;33:153-179;中華放射醫誌。
  3. 潘怜燕、邱淑媞(2011)台灣地區1991~2007年男女性之健康差距:以平均餘命、死亡率及潛在生命年數損失為指標。台灣衛誌,2011, Vol.30, No.2。
  4. 翁巧蓉(2011)。台灣地區中老年婦女行乳房攝影檢查及其相關因素:亞洲大學。數位乳房攝影技術之最佳化評量:中台科技大學放射科學研究所碩士論文。
  5. 行政院衛生署(2012)。中華民國公共衛生年報2010:台北,行政院衛生署。
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